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Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The education sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina reflects the state constitution. It is defined by the BiH Constitution, the constitutions of the entities, cantons, and the Statute of Brčko District of BiH, which govern legal competencies in education.BiH consists of two entities (The Republic of Srpska and Federation of BiH) and Brcko district of BiH.The Republic of Srpska has a centralized government and one ministry of education. Federation of BiH has a decentralized government and consists of ten cantons where each canton has their own ministry of education. There is also Federal ministry of education, but this ministry has only coordinative role. And Brcko district of BiH has a government with departments. One of those department is The Department for Education.In accordance with that there are twelve responsable institutions of education in BiH. The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Srpska, ten cantonal ministries of education in the Federation of BiH and the Department for Education of the Brčko District of BiH Government. There are also two others ministries with coordinating role. The Federal Ministry of Education and Science coordinates, among other things, activities within the Federation of BiH, between ten cantons. The Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH (MoCA), established on a state level and coordinates activities within all education institutions in BiH. In accordance to the law, MoCA is responsible for carrying out activities and tasks within the jurisdiction of BiH related to defining basic principles of coordination of activities, harmonization of plans of entity bodies and defining strategy at the international level, including, among others, education. The Agency for Higher Education and Quality AssuranceCenter for Information and Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education and the Agency for Preschool, Primary and Secondary Education have been established at the BiH level. The bodies for the coordination of the education sector have also been formed including the Conference of Ministers of Education in BiH and the Council for General Education in BiH. The Rectors’ Conference of Bosnia and Herzegovina has also been established and it defines and represents the common interests of universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, cooperates with education institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and acts as an advisory body for the implementation of the reform of higher education. In BiH, there are three constituent peoples and three official languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. They are tought in a school as a mother tongue.

STAGES OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM

Preschool education and care is intended for children from 6 months old until they start with primary education. It comprises three levels: nursery (for children from 6 months to 3 years old), kindergarten (for children from 3 years to 6 years old) and preschool preparatory programme. in the year before starting school the preschool preparatory programme has implemented and it’s first part of compulsory education. This programm attend children between 5 ½ and 6 ½ years old.Primary education is compulsory and it lasts 9 years, divided into three cycles/triad  (Triad 1: 1st to 3rd grade; Triad 2: 4th to 6thgrade and Triad 3: 7th to 9th grade). Public primary education is free and the only admission criterion is the age – all children have to be enrolled in primary school between 5 ½ and 6 ½ years old. Secondary education is available in forms of general secondary education schools (grammar schools), vocational secondary education schools, art schools and other, less frequent types. General secondary education lasts 4 years and vocational secondary education lasts 3 or 4 years. Students are usually 15 years old when they enter secondary education and they are admitted to schools on the basis of primary school achievements and final exam results.Higher education in BiH is organized in three cycles.The first cycle leads to the academic title of completed undergraduate studies [the degree of Bachelor] or equivalent, obtained after a minimum of three and a maximum of four years of full time study. Precondition sor enter is certificate of completion of secondary education, and it is evaluated with at least 180 or 240 ECTS credits. Exceptions are integrated studies of medical science group in the first cycle, which are valued up to 360 ECTS credits.The second cycle leads to the academic title of Master or equivalent, obtained after completing undergraduate studies, lasting one or two years, and it is evaluated with 60 or 120 credits, and the sum with the first cycle is 300 ECTS credits, andThe third cycle leading to a doctoral degree or equivalent, last three years and it is valued at 180 credits.
One semester is evaluated with 30 credits in each cycle.Youth and adult education can be formal, non-formal and informal learning. Legal provisions that entitle to continuing adult education define this area as part of a unified education system.
For further information, please consult the introduction articles on mentioned topics.

Source and more information: Eurydice

The laws on secondary/higher education

  • „Službeni glasnik Republike Srpske“, 74/08, 106/09, 104/11, 41/18, Zakon o srednjem obrazovanju i vaspitanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • „Službeni glasnik Republike Srpske“, 73/10, 84/12, 104/11, 108/13, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju
  • (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Unsko-sanski kanton, „Službene novine Unskosanskog kantona“, 17/12, Zakon o srednjem obrazovanju  (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Unsko-sanski kanton, „Službene novine Unskosanskog kantona“, 8/09, 09/10, 04/11Zakon o visokom obrazovanju  (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Posavski kanton, „Narodne novine Županije Posavske“, 3/04, 4/04, 3/08, 8/08, 4/11, 7/12, 10/13, 10/16, Zakon o srednjem školstvu (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Posavski kanton, „Narodne novine Županije Posavske“, 1/10, 4/11, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Tuzlanski kanton, „Službene novine Tuzlanskog kantona“, 17/11, Zakon o srednjem obrazovanju i odgoju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Tuzlanski kanton, „Službene novine Tuzlanskog kantona“, 8/08, 11/0913/1216/13, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Zeničko-dobojski kanton, „Službene novine  Zeničko-dobojskog kantona“, 5/04, 20/07, 19/09, 9/17, Zakon o srednjoj školi (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Zeničko-dobojski kanton, „Službene novine  Zeničko-dobojskog kantona“, 6/09, 13/13, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Bosansko-podrinjski kanton, „Službene novine Bosansko-podrinjskog kantona“, 10/11, Zakon o srednjem obrazovanju i odgoju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Bosansko-podrinjski kanton, „Službene novine Bosansko-podrinjskog kantona“, 2/10, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Srednjobosanski kanton, „Službene novine Srednjobosanskog kantona“, 11/01, 17/04, Zakon o srednjoj školi (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Srednjobosanski kanton, „Službene novine Srednjobosanskog kantona“, 4/13 , Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton, „Narodne novine Hercegovačko neretvanske županije“, 8/00, Zakon o srednjoškolskom odgoju i obrazovanju, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton, „Narodne novine Hercegovačko neretvanske županije“, 4/12, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Zapadno-hercegovački kanton, „Narodne novine Županije Zapadnohercegovačke“, 6/04, 8/04, 8/08, 14/08, 12/11, Zakon o srednjem školstvu (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Zapadno-hercegovački kanton, „Narodne novine Županije Zapadnohercegovačke“, 10/09, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Kanton Sarajevo, „Službene novine Kantona Sarajevo“, 10/04, 34/07, Zakon o srednjem obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Kanton Sarajevo, „Službene novine Kantona Sarajevo“, 42/13, 33/17, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Kanton 10, „Narodne novine Hercegbosanske županije“, 12/04, 12/08, Zakon o srednjem školstvu, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Kanton 10, „Narodne novine Hercegbosanske županije“, 9/09, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Brčko distrikt BIH, „Službeni glasnik BD BIH“, 10/08, 25/08, Zakon o obrazovanju u osnovnim i srednjim školama u BDBIH, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)
  • Brčko distrikt BIH, „Službeni glasnik BD BIH“, 30/09, Zakon o visokom obrazovanju u BDBIH, (Izvor: Ministarstvo civilnih poslova Bosne i Hercegovine, Maj 2020)

 

Overall national education strategy and key objectives

  • The Platform for development of preschool education in BiH for the period 2017 – 2022 was adopted – the Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, in cooperation with the competent educational authorities in BiH, in the period 2015-2016, with the support of UNICEF in BiH, worked intensively on the Platform document for the development of pre-school education in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period 2017-2022, which was finalized in April 2016. On December 4, 2017, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted the Platform for the Development of Preschool Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina Herzegovina for the period 2017-2022 (Source: Eurydice, May 2020)
  • Baseline of the qualification framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the initial document of the process of building and establishing a qualification framework on the basis of the European qualifications framework for lifelong learning is a framework for action for all institutions and individuals who, in accordance with their jurisdiction, are involved in the process of preparing the qualifications framework. The starting points set out in this document are also guidelines for harmonization of regulations regulating the areas of primary, secondary and higher education, ie lifelong learning, as well as better linking of changes and needs of the labor market with educational programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
  • Action Plan for the Preparation and Implementation of the Qualification Framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period 2014-2020 is a work plan for all major activities for the development and implementation of a qualification framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina for all institutions and individuals who, in accordance with their competencies, are involved in drafting and implementation of a qualification framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The qualification framework is an instrument necessary to ensure the equal use and application of standards: education and occupation, learning outcomes, qualifications, competence and certification of educational providers (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
  • Principles and standards in adult education in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2014) represent the legal basis for the work of educational and other authorities – responsible bodies, institutions, organizations and individuals at all levels of government in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a framework for initiating, implementing and coordinating their activities in the field of adult education, in accordance with established jurisdiction. Principles and standards of adult education establish common principles and standards that are based, develop, implement and coordinate policies and legislation related to adult education throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina, monitors, assesses and considers the situation in this area, and negotiates, proposes and undertakes measures to improve it. The basic principles and standards define the Principles and Standards of Adult Education, follow international and European principles and standards in the field of adult education, and respect the specificities of the economic, social and cultural context in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
  • Strategic platform for development of adult education in the context of lifelong learning in Bosnia and Herzegovina, for the period 2014-2020, represents the legal framework and basis for the operation and cooperation of the competent authorities, institutions, organizations and individuals at all levels of government in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the area of adoption and full implementation of the necessary strategic and / or other development documents and adult education. The Strategic platform identifies the global directions of adult education in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period 2014-2020. as a common platform for the development of modern adult education policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, based on the concept of lifelong learning. The Strategic Platform establishes the basis for a systematic cross-sectoral approach to strategic planning of the development of adult education in Bosnia and Herzegovina and initiates the necessary reform processes in this area that should contribute to greater competitiveness in the knowledge and labor market, increased mobility and professional flexibility of the individual and socio-economic revitalization (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
  • Roadmap for the implementation of the EU Directive on regulated professions 2005 / 36EC and 2013 / 55EU was prepared on the basis of a previously prepared Gap analysis in which the analysis of legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina was carried out in relation to the requirements of Directive 2005/36 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Of the European Union on regulated professions and amendments to Directive 2013/55 / EU. Implementation of recommendations from the Roadmap increases the level of harmonization of relevant domestic legislation with the EU Directive in line with this, which is certainly the responsibility of Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path to EU membership (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
  • Priorities for development of higher education in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period 2016-2026 are the main measures and activities that need to be implemented in Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to strengthen the development of higher education on the one hand, and, on the other hand, achieve full inclusion in the European Higher Education Area . The priorities for the development of higher education are grouped into seven key areas: good governance and management, resources; the integration of the labor market and higher education; standards of qualifications, student experience, internationalization and statistics (Source: Eurydice, May 2020).
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